Mercedes M-Class W163
since 1997 release
Repair and operation of the car
+ Mercedes-Benz cars of a class M (W163)
- Governing bodies and methods of safe operation
First 1500 km
+ Access, protection
+ Elements of security systems
- Car equipment, arrangement of devices and governing bodies
The dashboard and the central console - the general information
Combination of devices, measuring instruments and control lamps and light indicators
Governing bodies and equipment of salon
Equipment of the luggage compartment
Replacement of brushes of screen wipers
+ Methods of operation and auxiliary systems
+ Current leaving and service
+ Cooling systems, heating and air conditioner
+ A power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ Systems of electric equipment of the engine
+ Manual box of gear shifting
+ Automatic transmission
+ Transmission line
+ Brake and auxiliary systems
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Governing bodies and equipment of salon
Switching of the modes of functioning of headlights and activation of indexes of turns
The switches located on a steering column
The combined switch
The left combined understeering switch (the choice of the modes of functioning of external lighting fixtures, activation of indexes of turns)
By means of the rotary handle on the end of the lever of the understeering switch the choice of one of the following modes of functioning of external lighting fixtures can be made:
Parking fires (the ignition key is turned in situation 0 or is taken from the ignition lock). The lever of the switch is lowered in situation (4), - the left parking fire, (3) – right is activated.
Activation of indexes of turns is made by push-up of the lever of the left understeering switch in the corresponding direction. The lever is transferred up or down, to dependences of the chosen direction of change of course.
Management of functioning of cleaners/washers of a windshield
Activation of cleaners and washers wind and lenses of headlights is possible only at the included ignition (a key in situation 1 or 2). The choice of the mode of functioning of screen wipers is made by movement of the lever of the switch in the vertical plane:
On the models equipped with the rain sensor activation of the interval mode of screen wipers leads to their single operation with the subsequent automatic choice of duration of a pause depending on intensity of wetting of a surface of glass.
Understeering switch of management of functioning темпостата / systems of variable restriction of speed Speedtronic
The switch of management of functioning of a tempostat is located on a steering column above the combined understeering switch.
Button of activation of a horn
The button of inclusion of a sound signal is built in a stupichny part of a steering wheel.
The switches and governing bodies located on the dashboard
Regulator of an inclination of optical axes of headlights
The roller switch of adjustment of an inclination of optical axes of headlights is located in the left part of the dashboard and has four fixed situation (0, 1, 2 and 3).
The switch serves for adjustment of a distance of lighting (at inclusion of passing beam), for the purpose of prevention of dazzle of drivers of passers and ahead of the going vehicles.
Models with adjustment of a road gleam
See the table.
Handle of an otpuskaniye of the parking brake
On the models considered in the present manual the foot drive of the parking brake is used. The raising of the parking brake is made by squeezing located at the left under the pedal dashboard. The handle of an otpuskaniye of the parking brake at the left on the car dashboard is also marked with the pictogram of the corresponding content.
Adjustment of provision of a steering wheel
The lever of an otpuskaniye of the lock mechanism is located at the left on a steering column. For an otpuskaniye of a clamp wring out the lever down to an emphasis, then adjust height of provision of a steering wheel according to features of the constitution. Having achieved a comfortable position of a steering wheel, wring out the lever up.
The switch of activation of faroochistitel (the model equipped with biksenonovy headlights)
The switch of activation of faroochistitel is located on the car dashboard, to the right of a steering column. Activation of faroochistitel is represented possible only in situation 2 keys in the ignition lock.
Switch ignition/lock of blocking of a steering column
The lock of ignition is located on the right on a steering column. The key can occupy one of four fixed provisions in the lock:
Situation 0 - blocking of a steering column
The key can be entered into the lock or is taken from it only in this situation. At turn of the ignition key from situation 0 in situation 1 there is an unblocking of a steering column. Besides, on the models equipped with automatic transmission, an additional condition of permission of start is obligatory transfer of the lever of the selector to situation "P".
Blocking the helmsman of a column is carried out automatically in attempt to turn a steering wheel after extraction of a key from the ignition lock.
Situation 1 - parking
In this position of the ignition key the possibility of functioning of auxiliary consumers of the electric power (the audio system, the lighter, the heater fan, screen wipers, etc.) is provided.
Situation 2 - ignition is included / the movement
The ignition key is in this situation constantly during the movement of the car, and also during the operation of the engine on single turns. On diesel models the turn of a key in situation 2 before start of the engine leads to activation of system of preheat. Electric food of all systems and the additional equipment installed on the car is at the same time provided. At turn of a key from situation 1 situation 2 quickly joins some of the control lamps located on an instrument guard of the car, confirming serviceability of functioning of the corresponding control systems (see the Section Combination of Devices, measuring instruments and control lamps and light indicators).
Situation 3 - start
At turn of a key in this situation there is an inclusion of a starter. After implementation of start of the engine the key should be released, and it will automatically return to situation 2.
Switch of the alarm system
Turning on of the alarm system is made by means of the button located from above on a steering column. The button of the switch is standardly equipped with an alarm lamp with the pictogram representing two triangles entered each other.
The switch of the LOW RANGE mode (for the movement in cross-country conditions)
The switch of activation of the LOW RANGE mode for the movement on off road terrain is located in the left top corner of console section of the dashboard. For inclusion of the lowering mode transfer the selector lever to situation "N" (models from AT) / squeeze out pedals of coupling and a foot brake (model with RKPP), then once press the top part of the push-button switch, - the control lamp of "LOW RANGE" (see the Section Combination of Devices, measuring instruments and control lamps and light indicators) on a combination of devices has to blink three times, then pass into the mode of a constant luminescence. At violation of serviceability of inclusion of the lowering mode the control lamp will blink with the doubled frequency.
Return to the mode of the normal movement is made in a similar order, - the control lamp has to blink three times, then go out, confirming shutdown of the lowering mode.
Switch of activation of fog lighting
The switch of activation of fog lighting is located at the left in the central part of console section of the dashboard, near a ware compartment. Activation of fog lighting can be made only in working order external lighting fixtures at the turned-on passing beam of headlights (see above). For inclusion of fog lights it is necessary to turn on passing beam (see above), then to press the top part of the keyboard switch, - on a combination of devices the corresponding light indicator has to light up (see the Section Combination of Devices, measuring instruments and control lamps and light indicators).
For inclusion in addition to fog lights of back foggy lamps it is necessary to press the lower part of the keyboard switch, - the control light-emitting diode which is built in assembly of the switch has to light up.
Switches of the modes of heating of front seats
Two keyboard switches of the modes of heating of seats are located at the edges of the lower number of switches of console section of the dashboard and allow to activate two modes of heating of seats (normal and accelerated), and also to make shutdown of heaters.
Activation of heating of seats is made only at the started engine.
Activation of normal rezhimasoprovozhdatsya by operation of one of two control light-emitting diodes which are built in the switch. At the accelerated heating both light-emitting diodes light up.
Switches of the electric drive of back rotary side glasses
Keyboard switches of the electric drive of back rotary side glasses are located the second from edges of the lower number of switches of console section of the dashboard. Pressing the top part of the switch leads to opening of the corresponding glass, on lower - to closing.
Switch of management of functioning of a cleaner/washer of back glass
The keyboard switch of management of functioning of a cleaner/washer of back glass equipped with a control light-emitting diode is located in the central part of the lower number of switches of console section of the dashboard. Pressing the top part of the switch leads to activation of a back screen wiper in the interval mode, - for shutdown of a screen wiper press the same key repeatedly.
Activation of giving on back glass of the washing liquid is made by keeping of the pressed lower part of a key of the switch, - at the same time activated as well a screen wiper which will continue to function within about 5 more seconds after a key otpuskaniye.
Switch of antistrange system (ESP)
The switch of antistrange system (ESP) is located in the central part of the lower number of switches of console section of the dashboard. Need for shutdown of the ESP system can arise at the movement with antisliding chains, on deep snow, sand or gravel. At the same time the torque of the engine ceases to be controlled and pro-slipping of driving wheels can make milling impact on soil.
Control panel of functioning of the air conditioning system
See the Section Comfort.
Control panel of functioning of the audio system
See the Section Comfort.
The switches located on the central console
Switches of management of functioning of the electric drive of window regulators
Four individual switches of management of functioning of the electric drive of door window regulators are located on the central console on the right and to the left of assembly of the lever of the selector of the AT/handle of gear shifting (RKPP). Two more individual switches of control of the electric drive of window regulators of back doors are located at a back end face of the central console.
Each switch allows to activate the drive of the regulator of a window regulator of the corresponding door. The toddler located between switches of the left doors allows to block in case of need a possibility of activation of regulators of window regulators of back doors from individual door switches by shift it to the right, - the pictogram about the image of the little man has to open.
For lowering of glass it is necessary to press the lower part of the keyboard corresponding switch. Pressing the top part of the switch allows to transfer glass to the lifted situation. Pressing of a key of the switch with overcoming a point of resistance leads to automatic lowering / lifting of glass of the corresponding door.
The adjustment of door window regulators has to be made every time after shutdown of onboard power supply / discharge of the rechargeable battery, and also after reusable pressing the switch without transfer of glass to extreme situation. For performance of an adjustment it is necessary to turn a key in the ignition lock in situation 2, to press the top part of the corresponding keyboard switch and to hold it in this situation until glass does not rise, plus about 1 more second.
Switch of the uniform lock
The switch of the uniform lock is located on the central console behind the lever of switching of AT transfers/selector at the left and allows to make activation of the uniform lock from interior of the car, - all doors have to be closed.
Switch of the Parktronic (PTS) system
The PTS switch is located on the central console behind the lever of switching of AT transfers/selector on the right, is equipped with the built-in control light-emitting diode which is activated at the disconnected system and allows to make inclusion/shutdown of the Parktronic system.
Repeated activation of PTS is made automatically when turning the ignition key in situation 2.
Control panel of functioning of the electric drive of adjustment of door rear-view mirrors
The panel is located on the central console behind the lever of switching of AT transfers/selector.
External rear-view mirrors have the spherical design allowing to broaden the field of the review. Heating of mirrors works automatically.
Record of parameters of adjustment in the processor memory (at the corresponding complete set)
Record in the processor memory of the chosen provision of rear-view mirrors is made along with record of parameters of adjustment of front seats (see the Section Adjustment of Seats).
Switch of shutdown of devices of protection against towage / unauthorized penetration into interior of the car
At the corresponding complete set of the car activation of the considered devices happens automatically when locking doors/activation of the anticreeping alarm system.
On the models equipped with the on-board computer it is necessary to wring out within 30 seconds the RESET or MODE button on the control panel of the ceiling console, - on the display the message of "OFF" has to appear.
Switch of management of functioning of the electric drive of a cover of the top hatch
The switch of management of functioning of the electric drive of a lifting and movable cover of the top hatch is located on the ceiling console ahead of the saloon lamp.
The electric drive of a cover of the hatch functions only in provisions 1 or 2 of the ignition key, and also within 30 minutes situation 0 at open any of forward doors of the car (Comfort function).
The glass cover of the hatch is equipped with a sun-protection blind opening and which closing is made manually.
In case of refusal the electric drive the possibility of closing of a cover of the hatch manually is provided. Cast away a protective cover and enter the six-sided key equipped with a neck into a reception opening of a shaft of a driving electric motor, rotation of a key clockwise allows to close the shifted hatch cover, against - to lower lifted.
The traveling computer (at the corresponding complete set)
The control panel of the traveling computer is located on the ceiling console of the car of the central console of the car and is equipped with the liquid-crystal display and the keyboard switch of the installation/choice of the modes of functioning.
The design of the computer provided eight modes of functioning:
Switching between the modes is made by means of the MODE button of the keyboard switch on the control panel.
For an entrance to the mode of installation press the RESET button of the keyboard switch, - on the screen of the display the indication of the current month will begin to blink, - adjustment is made by means of the MODE button. Secondary pressing the RESET button leads to transfer to the mode of installation of day of the week, further - years. When pressing the RESET button for the fourth time there is an exit from the installation mode.
In the Compass mode the direction of the movement is brought to the display:
At movements on long distances there can be a need for adaptation of a compass to conditions of the replaced zones of magnetic inducement:
Start-up and stop of a stop watch is made by means of the RESET button of the keyboard switch on the computer control panel. For zeroing of indications of a stop watch it is necessary to hold the RESET button pressed within several seconds.
Instant fuel consumption
In this mode of the display value of instant fuel consumption at the rate of the current parameters of the movement is displayed.
Average fuel consumption
Dumping of indications of average fuel consumption is made by pressing the RESET button of the keyboard switch.
Course stock at the rate of remaining fuel reserve
When turning a key in the ignition lock in situation 2 displays are displayed value of a distance, edges can be passed on the fuel reserve which is available in a tank.
The choice of an interface language is made also by means of the RESET button.
It is switched off
The next pressing the MODE button leads to shutdown of the computer.
Switching of the modes of a saloon rear-view mirror
Mirror with manual switching
The saloon rear-view mirror with manual switching has two fixed situation: day and night. Switching is made by means of the mirror which is built in in the lower part of a spherical support a rychazhka.
Mirror with automatic protection
Protection is activated automatically at turn of a key in the ignition lock in situation 2, - the control light-emitting diode which is built in in assembly of a mirror has to light up and can be forcibly disconnected by means of the button, close to a light-emitting diode. In an active state the mirror switches in the corresponding mode depending on a hade of rays of light to its reflecting surface.
Assemblies of ashtrays with lighters are built in in average and back sections of the central console of the car and have almost identical design.
Opening of a forward ashtray is made by short pressing the top part of a cover. For extraction of an insert it is necessary to grasp it by sidewalls and to pull it up.
Use of lighters is possible only in provisions 1 or 2 of the ignition key.
If the lighter button after pressing does not jump out after more than 30 seconds, the car should be driven away on car repair shop for elimination of the malfunction taking place. After use do not forget to return the button in a nest (in order to avoid a contamination of the last).
Power supply sockets
One plug socket of power supply is located in a foot well of the forward passenger, one more - in the luggage compartment of the car.
Illumination of salon
Main saloon lamps and forward mate lamps
The switch of the modes of functioning of saloon lamps is located on the ceiling console near the switch of management of functioning of the electric drive of the top hatch, behind the control panel there is an assembly of the two-section main saloon lamp / the holder of the device of remote control of the drive of garage gate.
Activation/deactivation of each of sections of the main saloon lamp is made by pressing the corresponding lens. Besides, lighting automatically joins when unlocking doors from the DU panel of the uniform lock, and also at their opening, - closing of doors leads to shutdown of the lamp with a certain temporary delay. Automatic shutdown of saloon lighting is made at inclusion of ignition.
Back individual lamps (lamps for reading)
Activation/deactivation of back individual lamps (lamps) is made for reading by pressing lenses of their plafonds. Besides, lighting automatically joins when opening doors, - closing of doors leads to shutdown of the lamp with a certain temporary delay. Automatic shutdown of saloon lighting is made at inclusion of ignition.
Lamp of lighting of the luggage compartment
The lamp is built in in the central part of back section of a ceiling upholstery and equipped with the individual three-position switch allowing to carry out the choice of the mode of functioning of the lamp.
Device of remote control of the drive of garage gate
The holder for fixing of the device is located under a protective cover in the central part of assembly of the two-section main saloon lamp.
The universal transceiver which is built in assembly allows to unite conveniently functions to three DU individual panels of manual type and allows to operate functioning of the majority of the radio frequencies of actuation mechanisms working in the range, such as drive of a garage door, activators of door locks, security systems, etc. Power supply of the transceiver is carried out from the onboard rechargeable battery that excludes need for performance of periodic replacement of a battery. Memory of the transceiver is organized by the principle of ROM that means lack of need of repeated data input after shutdown of the battery.
Programming of the Universal Transceiver
At the switched-off ignition (a key in situation 1 or 2) press the left button of the transmitter on the ceiling console of the car and, holding it pressed, wait the control light-emitting diode which is still built in in the console slightly above buttons will not begin to blink with a frequency about 1 once a second.
Without releasing the left button of the control panel, direct the DU portable panel from a regular complete set to the actuation mechanism which control will be exercised from this button, the end equipped with a radiator to the left side of a saloon rear-view mirror into which an antenna part of the transceiver is integrated and, without releasing a control light-emitting diode from a field of vision, press managements of the portable panel the button. Hold the button pressed until the frequency of a blinking of a control light-emitting diode does not double, confirming serviceability of entering of the entered information.
The remained two buttons of the control panel are programmed in a similar manner.
Rules of use of the universal transceiver
After input of the corresponding program code the transceiver can be used for control of the corresponding actuation mechanism (for example, the operating functioning of the drive of a garage door). For activation of the device rather just press the corresponding button on the transceiver control panel (the key in the lock of ignition of the car has to be turned in situation 1 or 2), - during transfer of the operating signal the light indicator has to work.
Diagnostics of errors of input of a program code
If it is not possible to enter quickly enough into memory of the transceiver of information from the manual transmitter, it is necessary to work as follows:
If it is not possible to enter a code under no circumstances, address for consultations on company car repair shop Mercedes-Benz.
Dumping of memory of the universal transceiver
The possibility of cleaning of the data entered for the separate button of the transceiver by a design of the device is not provided. For removal of all entered information it is necessary to hold within about 20 seconds pressed at the same time two side buttons transceiver control panels. Buttons can be released as soon as the control light-emitting diode begins to blink.
Operations procedure in case of stealing of the car
When stealing the car it is necessary to reprogram actuation mechanisms of all devices put in action from the transceiver which are not equipped with function of alternation of a code, - in case of need consult at representatives of the relevant firms manufacturers.
Sun-protection peaks provide protection of eyes of the driver / the forward passenger from dazzle by direct sunshine both in front, and sideways.
On some models from the back of a sun-protection peak the toilet pocket mirror equipped with a folding cover can be in addition equipped. Opening of a cover of a pocket mirror at the included ignition (a key in situation 1 or 2) leads to activation of illumination of a pocket mirror.
The main ware box is equipped in the right part of the dashboard and equipped with a folding cover with the rotary handle, - opening of a cover at the included ignition leads to activation of illumination of internal volume of a box.
The additional two-section ware box is equipped in assembly of the central console, under an armrest between front seats of the car. The coin box is provided in a cover of a console box.
One more ware box equipped with the lock is under assembly of a front passenger seat (see the Section Access to a ware box of the right front seat).
Two folding chashkoderzhatel are equipped on both sides of the dashboard. For the translation of a chashkoderzhatel into position rather shortly to press an assembly cover, then to release it.
One more forward chashkoderzhatel is located under a movable cover in a forward wall of a console armrest, - shift a cover up and, having pulled for a frame of a chashkoderzhatel, translate the last into position.
One more sliding two-section chashkoderzhatel is equipped in a back face wall of the central console. For the translation of a chashkoderzhatel into position rather shortly to press an assembly cover, then to release it.
The regular place for fastening of the fire extinguisher is equipped in a forward part of salon, near a driver's seat. After each use the fire extinguisher it is necessary перезаправлять. It is necessary to make check of the fire extinguisher each 1 - 2 years.
Removal and installation of head restraints
Head restraints of front seats
For removal of head restraints extend it against the stop from the directing channels of a seatback, then to press the button of an otpuskaniye of a clamp and to completely release the directing assembly cores from a back.
Head restraints of a back many-placed seat
The order of implementation of the procedure is similar described above for forward head restraints.
Head restraints of folding seats of the third additional row
In marching situation head restraints of folding seats refuel in a seat pillow sidewall.
The order of removal and installation of head restraints on backs is similar described above for front seats.
The top luggage carrier, the holder for skis
Fixing of the top luggage carrier has to be carried out only on regular profile guides of a roof.